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Understanding Domestic Violence: Types and Implications in California

Domestic violence is a pervasive issue that affects many men and women across the world. According to CDPH, one in five women and one in seven men have reported facing domestic violence. However, it is defined as a pattern of abusive behavior, and it takes various forms. In this month’s blog, we will take a closer look at this important topic, its legal implications, and the resources available for victims.

Defining Domestic Violence in California

While it often goes unreported, it is important to understand what domestic violence is, as well as why you may need to act. California law defines domestic violence as any form of abuse committed between individuals who have a close relationship, such as spouses or former spouses, cohabitants, individuals in a dating relationship, or parents and their children. This includes threatening to use force against him or her or any physical force that requires a restraining order.

Related: Learn more about restraining orders in California here.

Domestic Violence Penalties in California

In California, penalties for domestic violence typically vary between misdemeanor and felony charges, making them what’s known as “wobbler” offenses. The decision on whether to classify the crime as a misdemeanor or felony is based on factors such as the individual’s prior criminal record and the extent of the victim’s injuries.

Types of Domestic Violence in California:

1. Physical Abuse:

This includes hitting, punching, kicking, slapping, choking, or any form of physical harm inflicted on the victim. Bruises, broken bones, and other injuries are common outcomes of physical abuse.

2. Emotional or Psychological Abuse:

This type of abuse is often less visible but equally damaging. It includes verbal threats, insults, humiliation, manipulation, and isolation from friends and family.

3. Sexual Abuse:

Sexual abuse involves forced or coerced sexual acts, including rape, unwanted touching, and sexual degradation. These are also all harassment, and you have the right to get a restraining order to avoid any arguments.

Related: Learn more about how to deal with ex-spouse harassment here.

4. Financial Abuse:

Financial abuse occurs when the abuser controls the victim’s finances, restricts access to money, or sabotages their employment or financial stability. This can leave victims financially dependent and unable to leave the abusive relationship.

5. Digital Abuse:

With the rise of technology, digital abuse has become increasingly common. Examples of digital abuse includes: revenge porn, sexually harassing a partner online, controlling a partner’s social media accounts, requiring that a partner keep their phone with them at all time to respond to calls and texts, and using technology to monitor the other person’s actions both on and offline.


If you or someone you know is experiencing domestic abuse, you don’t have to face it alone. Family Law Richard E. Young & Associates is here to provide compassionate support and expert legal guidance through this challenging time. Our experienced team understands the complexities of domestic abuse cases and is committed to advocating fiercely for your rights and safety. We offer a safe and confidential environment where you can discuss your situation without judgment. Don’t wait any longer to seek help – contact us today at (949) 951-9529 to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards reclaiming your life.

A Guide to Restraining Orders in California

Navigating the complexities of restraining orders can be a challenging and overwhelming process, especially when dealing with issues of safety and protection. In California, restraining orders are legal tools designed to provide individuals with protection from harassment, abuse, or threats from another party. Understanding the different types of restraining orders available and the legal procedures involved is crucial for those seeking legal protection in times of distress. In this blog post, we will provide a comprehensive guide to restraining orders in California to help shed light on this important legal aspect.

The Different Types of Restraining Orders

In California, there are various types of restraining orders, each serving specific purposes and providing different levels of protection. Understanding the nuances of these different types of restraining orders and their legal requirements is essential for victims.

  1. Domestic Violence: This restraining order is sought by an individual who has been subjected to abuse, threats, or harassment by a current or former intimate partner or family member. It aims to protect victims of domestic violence and their children from further harm, requiring the abuser to stay away from the victim and cease all forms of contact.
  2. Civil Harassment: This restraining order is used in cases where an individual is being harassed, stalked, or abused by someone who is not related to them. It provides protection against non-intimate partners, neighbors, acquaintances, or strangers who pose a threat to the victim’s safety or well-being.
  3. Elder Abuse: This is designed to protect elderly individuals (65 or older) or dependent adults from abuse, neglect, financial exploitation, or any form of mistreatment. It is crucial in safeguarding vulnerable older adults from harm and ensuring their safety and well-being.
  4. Workplace Violence: This restraining order is sought in cases where an individual poses a threat or danger to others in a work environment. It protects employees, employers, or other personnel from potential acts of violence, harassment, or intimidation in the workplace.
  5. Gun Violence: A gun violence restraining order is issued when law enforcement has reason to believe that an individual poses a risk of harming themselves or others with a firearm. This legal measure restricts the individual from purchasing or possessing a gun for a specified period. However, it does not have the authority to mandate the individual to stay away from someone.
  6. School Violence: This restraining order protects students, teachers, or school staff from threats, harassment, or violence within an educational setting.

Related: “4 Benefits of Getting a Restraining Order”


When faced with the need for a restraining order in California, it is crucial to seek legal guidance and support from experienced professionals who can navigate the legal system effectively. At Family Law Richard E. Young & Associates in Lake Forest, CA, our team of dedicated attorneys specializes in family law matters, including restraining orders and legal protections. Visit our website at or call us at (949) 951-9529 to schedule a consultation and explore your legal options. Let us help you understand your rights and guide you through the process of obtaining the legal protection you need.

Navigating the Finer Points: When Does Child Support End in California?

If you’re a parent making child support payments, you’re likely wondering, “When does this financial responsibility come to an end?” According to California law, a parent’s duty to support their child continues until the child turns 18. It’s crucial, however, to be aware of significant exceptions. In this month’s blog, we’ll explore key scenarios where child support may end in California and how to end it.

The Child Gets Married

If the child gets married before turning 18, this event can lead to the termination of child support obligations. Marriage is considered a legal emancipation, indicating that the child is now assuming adult responsibilities independently. However, both married and unmarried parents should seek legal advice to formally address the conclusion of child support.

Related: Learn more about the rights and responsibilities of unmarried parents in California here.

Emancipation through Self-Support

An instance that might result in an early conclusion of child support, it’s if the child achieves self-sufficiency. Self-supporting, in this context, signifies the child attaining financial independence and no longer depending on parental financial aid.

For the court to acknowledge the child’s self-supporting status, the paying parent needs to furnish substantial evidence. It could be tax returns, bank statements, or showing that the child is independent for financial aid.

The Court Ends the Support or Custody Order

In some cases, the court may intervene to end child support or custody orders. This could be due to a change in circumstances, the child’s request, or other legal considerations. Parents must stay well-informed about any court decisions that might affect their child support obligations, especially when the child expresses a preference for a particular custody arrangement.

How Do I End Child Support?

Typically, to terminate child support, you must file a formal request in court known as a motion. You have to show the court or LCSA (local child support agency) that your child is self-supporting and is no longer reliant on parental assistance. Another important point is if you were the supporting parent but now have custody, file a motion to stop or seek support. Failing to modify the court order may let the other parent enforce it, even if your circumstances have changed.

Consult With Family Law Richard E. Young & Associates

We at Family Law Richard E. Young & Associates can help you understand your child support obligations or modify them. We will guide you in the termination process of your court order. Contact our office at (949) 951-9529 to ensure you are prepared for this legal transition. Let us assist you during these crucial moments.

The Rights and Responsibilities of Unmarried Parents in California

Unmarried parenthood is becoming increasingly common in today’s society, with many couples choosing to start families without getting married. However, it’s important to understand that even without the legal recognition of marriage, unmarried parents still have rights and responsibilities towards their children. In California, there are specific laws and guidelines in place to protect the interests of unmarried parents and ensure the well-being of their children.

The Rights of Unmarried Parents

In California, both biological parents have the right to establish a legal relationship with their child, regardless of their marital status. If the two parents were unmarried at the time of birth, the mother has custody by default. However, depending on the situation, the father can take matters to court or if one party deems the other unfit to care for the child.

In addition, unmarried fathers can assert their paternity rights by signing a voluntary declaration of paternity at the time of the child’s birth or at a later date. By doing so, the father gains legal recognition as the child’s parent and can exercise his rights and responsibilities accordingly. This also means that the two parents will share custody. If unmarried parents can reach an amicable custody agreement, there is no need for court intervention. It’s crucial for unmarried parents to establish paternity to ensure the child receives the emotional and financial support they deserve.

Related: “Can a Child Choose Custody?”

The Responsibilities of Unmarried Parents

When it comes to child custody, unmarried parents in California have the same rights and obligations as married parents. The court’s primary focus is always the child’s best interests, and both parents are encouraged to work together to create a parenting plan that outlines custody and visitation arrangements. If an agreement cannot be reached, the court may intervene and make decisions based on factors such as the child’s age, health, and the ability of each parent to provide a stable and nurturing environment.

Related: “How to Create a Parenting Plan: A Comprehensive Guide”


At Family Law Richard E. Young & Associates, we understand the complexities surrounding the rights and responsibilities of unmarried parents in California. Our experienced attorneys are dedicated to helping unmarried parents navigate these legal matters and ensure the best outcomes for their children. Contact us today at (949) 951-9529 or visit our website at to learn more about how we can assist you.

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